Gluconorm

Gluconorm Medication Information:

Price Break On Gluconorm
Generic is available for less money: Generic Repaglinide

Gluconorm medication comes in several different strengths; click on the strength you need to view prices from pharmacies competing to earn your business.

Gluconorm 0.5 mg
Gluconorm 1 mg
Gluconorm 2 mg

GlucoNorm General Information

GlucoNorm is an oral medication used to treat type II diabetes for lowering blood sugar levels.

How does GlucoNorm work & what does it do?

GlucoNorm promotes the secretion of insulin by the pancreas that in turn lowers blood sugar levels. In cases where diet, exercise and weight loss alone have not controlled blood sugar levels GlucoNorm helps lower them. Doctors also prescribe GlucoNorm in conjunction with metformin or rosiglitazone, which are used to lower blood sugar levels also, in cases where other diabetes medicines along with diet, exercise and weight loss are not controlling blood sugar. GlucoNorm reacts rapidly when taken with meals to control food related glucose peaks allowing diabetics with type II diabetes more freedom from strict meal and medication taking timetables.

When/How is GlucoNorm taken/used/applied?

If taken approximately thirty minutes before eating GlucoNorm acts as normal insulin would in a non diabetic allowing a person with type II diabetes more freedom in scheduling meal time and freeing them from having to eat every few hours. GlucoNorm taken orally is quickly absorbed into the gastrointestinal tract and reaches maximum concentration within one hour. The faster action of this medication allows effective management of blood glucose levels and in turn lowers the risk of hypoglycemia. The body eliminates GlucoNorm quickly, and it is safe to use by people who have type II diabetes with reduced kidney function.

Side Effects

Medications may have side effects even when taken as directed and that may be mild or severe, temporary or permanent. Contact your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms that are severe: back pain, constipation, diarrhea, headache or joint pain. In addition, pharmacists may be able to assist with advice on managing side effects. Some of the more serious side effects that would need your doctor's prompt attention include discolored urine or problems with urination, chills or fever, low blood sugar symptoms, runny or stuffy nose, sinus congestion with pain and any signs of liver problems. Finally, if you experience any of the following symptoms you should immediately discontinue use of the medication and seek medical attention, chest pain, fast or irregular heartbeat, seizures or loss of consciousness, signs of bleeding or allergic reaction.

Other Brand Names for GlucoNorm:

Repaglinide is the common name for GlucoNorm universally.
GlucoNorm is the name used for Repaglinide in Canada.
NovoNorm is the name used for Repaglinide elsewhere.

Safety Information:

GlucoNorm should not be prescribed for anyone who has type I diabetes, nor should it be used by anyone with diabetic ketoacidosis with or without coma. If you are taking gemfibrozil, you should not take GlucoNorm and if you have allergies to any of the ingredients in Repaglinide, you should not take GlucoNorm and should take insulin to assist with controlling the blood sugar levels. If you are currently pregnant or become pregnant, you should not take GlucoNorm unless the benefits outweigh the possible risks. The safety and effectiveness of this drug has not been established for use on children and therefore they should not be prescribed this medication.

Dosage:

GlucoNorm is available in pill form in the following sizes:

  • 0.5mg
  • 1.0mg
  • 2.0mg

Visual Description:

The different strength tablets come in three different colors with the 0.5 mg tablets being white in color, the 1.0 mg are yellow and the 2.0 mg tablets are peach in color. All of the different strength tablets also have the NovoNordisk bull symbol stamped on them.

What is GlucoNorm?

Active substance and excipients

The active ingredient is repaglinide. GlucoNorm also contains the following other ingredients: microcrystalline cellulose (E460), calcium hydrogen phosphate anhydrous, maize starch, amberlite (polacrilin potassium), povidone (polyvidone), glycerol 85%, magnesium stearate, meglumine, poloxamer (0.5 mg), yellow iron oxide (1 mg), or red iron oxide (2 mg).

Availability of dosage forms

Three strengths of tablets are available. The strengths are 0.5 mg (white tablets), 1 mg (yellow tablets), and 2 mg (peach-colored tablets).

Pharmacological classification

GlucoNorm is an oral antidiabetic agent.


Why have I been prescribed GlucoNorm?

GlucoNorm is a pill used to treat Type 2 diabetes if diet and exercise or another pill alone do not control your blood sugar level. GlucoNorm works in your body to secrete more insulin to lower blood sugar after meals.


Who should not take GlucoNorm?

Do not take GlucoNorm if you have Type 1 diabetes (also known as Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus or IDDM), if you have diabetic ketoacidosis, if you are taking gemfibrozil (a lipid-lowering drug), or if you are allergic to repaglinide or anything in a GlucoNorm tablet (see What is GlucoNorm?).

Check with your doctor before using, if you:

  • are pregnant,

  • are attempting to become pregnant,

  • are breast feeding,

  • have liver disease,

  • have kidney disease.


Can I take other drugs while I take GlucoNorm?

Your need for GlucoNorm may change if you take other medicines.

You should tell your doctor or pharmacist, if you take any of these medicines or any other medicines:

  • Gemfibrozil (a lipid lowering drug)

  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors,

  • Non-selective beta blocking agents (used to treat high blood pressure and certain heart conditions),

  • Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors (used to treat certain heart conditions),

  • Salicylates (e.g. acetylsalicylic acid),

  • Octreotide,

  • Non steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs),

  • Anabolic steroids and corticosteroids,

  • Oral contraceptives (used for birth control),

  • Thiazides,

  • Danazol,

  • Thyroid products (used to treat patients with low production of thyroid hormones),

  • Sympathomimetics (used to treat asthma),

  • Clarithromycin,

  • Itraconazole (anti-fungal drug),

  • Ketoconazole (anti-fungal drug),

  • Trimethoprim (antibacterial drug),

  • Rifampicin (antibacterial drug),

  • Non-prescription and over the counter drugs such as drugs for appetite control, asthma, colds, cough, hay fever or sinus problems,

  • Your need for GlucoNorm may also change if you drink alcohol.


How should I take GlucoNorm?

Follow your doctor's advice about how to take GlucoNorm. This medicine was prescribed for your particular condition. Do not use it for another condition or give the drug to others.

Always take your dose of GlucoNorm before you eat a meal. GlucoNorm doses are usually taken within 15 minutes of a meal, but the time may vary from 30 minutes before a meal to right before a meal.

If you have an extra meal (such as a big snack), you should take an extra dose of GlucoNorm before you eat.

If you miss a dose of GlucoNorm, do not take the dose as soon as you remember. Wait and take your usual dose before your next meal.


Emergencies and overdoses

If you take an overdose of oral antidiabetic agents, your blood sugar may become too low leading to a hypoglycemic event. The symptoms include:

  • Headache,

  • Dizziness,

  • Tiredness,

  • Rapid heart beat,

  • Nervousness and shakiness,

  • Nausea,

  • Sweating.

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should take glucose tablets or sugar or take a sugary drink and then rest. If you get worse, contact your doctor or nearest hospital emergency department at once.

If hypoglycemic events are not treated, they can be very serious and cause headaches, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, unconsciousness, and even more serious conditions.


What are the possible side effects for Gluconorm?

Any treatment, including GlucoNorm, which causes your pancreas to release insulin may cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Hypoglycemia is also more likely to occur after strenuous or prolonged exercise, when alcohol is ingested, or when more than one blood sugar lowering agent is used.

Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar may vary from person to person. Early signs may include shakiness, sweating, dizziness, weakness, hunger and nervousness. You may also find that your mood changes unexpectedly.

These symptoms may be followed by drowsiness, confusion, headache or blurred vision. Ask your doctor about the signs and symptoms of low blood sugar and, what you should do if you detect these symptoms.

After treatment with GlucoNorm, some patients develop gastrointestinal side effects, including abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, constipation, flatulence (gas), or an allergic reaction. If you have these or any other complaints, inform your doctor.

A few patients are allergic to medicines. The symptoms of an allergic reaction can include a rash itchy skin, flushing, puffiness of the face, and shortness of breath. Any of these symptoms should be reported immediately to your doctor. If any other unusual or unexpected effects occur, check with your doctor.


 

Technical Information