Diabetes

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Top Selling Diabetes Medications

Humalog - Humalog 100 u/mL
Humalog KwikPen (prefilled) - Humalog KwikPen (prefilled) 100 u/mL
Levemir Flex Touch - Levemir Flex Touch 100 u/mL
Lantus Solostar Pen - Lantus Solostar Pen 100 U/ml NO Rx
Humulin N - Humulin N 100 u/mL NO Rx

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder involving the way the body uses food to provide nutrients to the cells for growth and functioning. Digestion breaks food down into glucose, a form of sugar the body uses as its source of fuel. For the individual cells to admit the glucose, insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, must be present. Normally, after a meal is eaten the pancreas automatically secretes sufficient insulin for the gradual absorption of the glucose into the cells. With diabetes this process is erratic and may result in either too much or too little insulin.

There are three types of diabetes:

  • Type I: A person does not produce any of their own insulin, or the body cannot use what is produced. All Type I diagnosis must have insulin.
  • Type II: The body does not produce enough insulin or it is not working properly. Some Type II patients can control their symptoms with just diet and exercise. Others must have insulin supplementation.
  • Gestational Diabetes: This occurs only when a woman is pregnant. If indicated, a woman should consult an obstetrician specializing in gestational diabetes.

Diabetes Symptoms

If the glucose level of the blood is elevated we say the person is hyperglycemic. "Hyper" means high and "glycemic" refers to the glucose level. Too much sugar is circulating throughout the body without the necessary insulin so it can be absorbed into the cells. Thus, even though there is ample glucose in the blood, the cells can't access it and thus are starving. Symptoms of this imbalance can be extreme hunger and fatigue (the body is desperate for food), thirst, blurred vision, weight loss, wounds that heal slowly, dry itchy skin, erectile dysfunction, recurrent infections and cardiac arrhythmia. The body tries to compensate by the kidneys taking water from the blood to dilute the glucose and then excreting it in the form of urine. Thus, an increase in urination can also be a symptom of imbalance. The ancient Chinese noted that ants were often attracted to the sweet urine of certain people. Such people were said to have "sweet urine disease", which is known today as diabetes.

If the glucose level is below normal, we say the person is hypoglycemic. Symptoms may include shakiness or dizziness, sweating or clamminess, pins and needles in the hands or feet, nausea, confusion, fatigue, and in extreme, coma.

Diagnosis is usually first made with a urine test. If excess glucose is indicated, then a follow-up blood glucose test is often administered to determine accurate levels. The physician will then determine appropriate treatment.

Treatments

Since insulin was discovered in 1921, treatment for diabetes is much simpler and more effective. The goal is to balance the insulin/glucose needs by attention to diet, lifestyle and insulin production. According to the Mayo Clinic, the diet should be approximately 45-65% complex carbohydrates (fruits and vegetables and whole grains, not simple carbohydrates like candy and cookies), 15-20% protein, and 20-35% fats. The Glycemic Index refers to how rapidly foods are absorbed and the effect on the glucose level. Complex carbohydrates add fiber, which allows for more gradual sugar absorption. Thus, many use this Index to help determine their meals. It is also important that diabetics not skip meals either because the body must have a routine and consistent amount of food.

Exercise too helps the body. Moderate exercise such as walking five times/week for about 30 minutes is suggested, as well as strength training for building muscle.

Frequent testing for blood glucose level is a consistent part of the diabetic's life. It requires pricking a finger to obtain a drop of blood, which a small meter then measures. A physician determines how frequently it's required, but often it is before meals, two hours afterwards, at bedtime and sometimes about 3:00AM.

The goal of treatment is to balance the body's supply of glucose/insulin. Administering insulin in pill form may not be effective because it does not get into the bloodstream. Thus, usually injections are required. Another alternative is the insulin pump. A catheter is placed under the skin and the pump delivers a basal amount of insulin to the body on a regular basis, thus maintaining the normal blood level. When the person eats, additional insulin is required so he/she pushes a button to administer extra. The pump is rugged and reliable and can be worn on the belt or carried in a pocket. It can be placed on the bedside table at night.

In Closing...

Diabetes can be scary but it is very treatable and early diagnosis is very helpful. One can live a long and full life with proper care and attention to lifestyle.

More Diabetes Medications

Humulin R - Humulin R 100u/ml NO Rx
Novorapid Vial - Novorapid Vial 100 u/mL
Lantus - Lantus 100 u/mL NO Rx
Novorapid FlexTouch - Novorapid FlexTouch 100 u/mL
Humulin N KwikPen - Humulin N KwikPen 100 u/mL NO Rx
Humulin R Cartridge - Humulin R Cartridge 100 u/mL NO Rx
Levemir Penfill - Levemir Penfill 100u/ml
Humulin 30/70 Cartridge - Humulin 30/70 Cartridge 30u/70u/1mL NO Rx
Apidra Insulin - Apidra Insulin 100 u/mL
Humalog Cartridge - Humalog Cartridge 100 u/mL
NovoLog Mix 70/30 cartridges - NovoLog Mix 70/30 cartridges 30u/70u/1mL NO Rx
Humulin 30/70 - Humulin 30/70 30/70 NO Rx
Novorapid Penfill - Novorapid Penfill 100 u/mL
Novolin ge 30/70 - Novolin ge 30/70 30/70, Novolin ge 30/70 1000U/10mL NO Rx
BD Ultrafine III Pen Needles (short) 31G 8mm - BD Ultrafine III Pen Needles (short) 31G 8mm 31G 8mm NO Rx
Novolin ge NPH Cartridges - Novolin ge NPH Cartridges 100u/ml NO Rx
Novolin ge Toronto - Novolin ge Toronto 100u/ml NO Rx
Humalog Mix50 Cartridge - Humalog Mix50 Cartridge 50/50
Onglyza - Onglyza 2.500 mg, Onglyza 5 mg
BD Ultrafine III Pen Needles 31G 5mm - BD Ultrafine III Pen Needles 31G 5mm 31G 5mm NO Rx
Novolin ge Toronto Cartridges - Novolin ge Toronto Cartridges 100u/ml NO Rx
NovoPen 4 (Silver) - NovoPen 4 (Silver) NO Rx
Jardiance - Jardiance 10 mg, Jardiance 25 mg
Humalog Mix25 Cartridge - Humalog Mix25 Cartridge 25/75
Novolin ge NPH - Novolin ge NPH 100u/ml NO Rx
Metformin - Metformin 500 mg, Metformin 850 mg, Metformin 1000 mg
BD Ultrafine II Insulin Syringe (short) 30G 8mm 1/2cc - BD Ultrafine II Insulin Syringe (short) 30G 8mm 1/2cc 30G 8mm 1/2cc NO Rx
Tradjenta - Tradjenta 5 mg
Glucotrol XL - Glucotrol XL 2.500 mg, Glucotrol XL 5 mg, Glucotrol XL 10 mg
BD Ultra Fine 2 Insulin Syringe 6MM 31G 1CC - BD Ultra Fine 2 Insulin Syringe 6MM 31G 1CC 6MM 31G 1CC NO Rx
BD Ultra Fine 2 Insulin Syringe 30G 1CC 8MM - BD Ultra Fine 2 Insulin Syringe 30G 1CC 8MM 30G 1CC 8MM NO Rx
Glipizide XL - Glipizide XL 5 mg
BD Ultra Fine 2 Insulin Syringe 6MM 31G 1/2CC - BD Ultra Fine 2 Insulin Syringe 6MM 31G 1/2CC BD Ultra Fine 2 Insulin Syringe 6MM 31G 1/2CC NO Rx
Acarbose - Acarbose 25 mg, Acarbose 50 mg, Acarbose 100 mg
Accu-Check Instant Glucose test strips - Accu-Check Instant Glucose test strips
Accu-Check soft clix lancets - Accu-Check soft clix lancets
Accu-Check soft touch lancets - Accu-Check soft touch lancets
Accu-chek Active test strips - Accu-chek Active test strips NO Rx
Accu-Chek Advantage test strips - Accu-Chek Advantage test strips
Accu-Chek Aviva Test Strips - Accu-Chek Aviva Test Strips , Accu-Chek Aviva Test Strips 100 NO Rx
Accu-Chek Compact test strips - Accu-Chek Compact test strips NO Rx
Accu-Chek Softclix (Select) Lancets - Accu-Chek Softclix (Select) Lancets 100 Units NO Rx
Accu-soft Advantage Comfort test strips - Accu-soft Advantage Comfort test strips NO Rx
Actoplus Met - Actoplus Met 15/500mg, Actoplus Met 15/850mg
Actos - Actos 15 mg, Actos 30 mg, Actos 45 mg
Amaryl - Amaryl 1 mg, Amaryl 2 mg, Amaryl 3 mg, Amaryl 4 mg
Apidra Cartridge - Apidra Cartridge 100 u/mL
Ascensia Dex test strips - Ascensia Dex test strips NO Rx
Ascensia Elite test strips - Ascensia Elite test strips
Avandamet - Avandamet 1mg/500mg, Avandamet 2mg/500mg, Avandamet 2mg/1000mg, Avandamet 4mg/500mg, Avandamet 4mg/1000mg
Avandaryl - Avandaryl 4mg/1mg, Avandaryl 4mg/2mg, Avandaryl 4mg/4mg
Avandia - Avandia 2 mg, Avandia 4 mg, Avandia 8 mg
BD Insulin Syringe - BD Insulin Syringe , BD Insulin Syringe 28G 1mL
BD Syringe 3CC 25G - BD Syringe 3CC 25G 3CC 25G NO Rx
BD Syringe 3ML Luer-Lok W/Needle Eclipse 22G 1-1/2' - BD Syringe 3ML Luer-Lok W/Needle Eclipse 22G 1-1/2' 22G 1&1/2" 3mL NO Rx
BD Tuberculin Syringe 27G 1/2" 1mL - BD Tuberculin Syringe 27G 1/2" 1mL 27G 1/2" 1mL NO Rx
BD Ultrafine II Insulin Syringe (short) 31G 8mm 3/10cc - BD Ultrafine II Insulin Syringe (short) 31G 8mm 3/10cc 31G 8mm 3/10cc NO Rx
BD Ultrafine II Insulin Syringe 3/10CC 31G 8MM - BD Ultrafine II Insulin Syringe 3/10CC 31G 8MM 3/10CC 31G 8MM NO Rx
BD Ultrafine II Insulin Syringe 31G 6mm 3/10cc - BD Ultrafine II Insulin Syringe 31G 6mm 3/10cc 31G 6mm 3/10cc NO Rx
BD Ultrafine Pen Needles 29G 12.7mm - BD Ultrafine Pen Needles 29G 12.7mm 29G 12.7mm NO Rx
Canagliflozin - Canagliflozin 100 mg
Chlorpropamide - Chlorpropamide 100 mg, Chlorpropamide 250 mg
Diabeta - Diabeta 1.250 mg, Diabeta 2.500 mg, Diabeta 5 mg
Diabinese - Diabinese 250 mg
Diamicron - Diamicron 80 mg
Fortamet - Fortamet 500 mg, Fortamet 1000 mg
Freestyle Blood Glucose test strips - Freestyle Blood Glucose test strips NO Rx
Freestyle lancets - Freestyle lancets
Freestyle Test Strips - Freestyle Test Strips
Galvus - Galvus 50 mg
Gliclazide - Gliclazide 80 mg
Glimepiride - Glimepiride 1 mg, Glimepiride 2 mg, Glimepiride 4 mg
Glimepiride/Metformin - Glimepiride/Metformin 1 mg, Glimepiride/Metformin 2mg/500mg
Glimepiride/Pioglitazone - Glimepiride/Pioglitazone 1mg/15mg, Glimepiride/Pioglitazone 2mg/15mg
Glipizide - Glipizide 1 mg, Glipizide 5 mg, Glipizide 10 mg
Glipizide ER - Glipizide ER 2.500 mg, Glipizide ER 5 mg, Glipizide ER 10 mg
Glucagon - Glucagon 1 mg/mL
Gluconorm - Gluconorm 0.500 mg, Gluconorm 1 mg, Gluconorm 2 mg
Glucophage - Glucophage 500 mg, Glucophage 850 mg, Glucophage 1000 mg
Glucophage XR - Glucophage XR 500 mg, Glucophage XR 750 mg
Glucotrol - Glucotrol 5 mg, Glucotrol 10 mg
Glucovance - Glucovance 5mg/500mg, Glucovance 2.5mg/500mg, Glucovance 1.25mg/250mg
Glumetza SR - Glumetza SR 500 mg, Glumetza SR 1000 mg
Glyburide - Glyburide 1.250 mg, Glyburide 2.500 mg, Glyburide 5 mg
Glyburide (Micronized) - Glyburide (Micronized) 1.500 mg, Glyburide (Micronized) 3 mg, Glyburide (Micronized) 6 mg
Glyburide/Metformin - Glyburide/Metformin 5mg/500mg, Glyburide/Metformin 2.5mg/500mg, Glyburide/Metformin 1.25mg/250mg
Glynase - Glynase 3 mg, Glynase 6 mg
Humalog Mix 25 Kwik Pen - Humalog Mix 25 Kwik Pen 25/75 NO Rx
Humalog Mix25 KwikPen - Humalog Mix25 KwikPen 25/75
Humalog Mix25 Prefilled Pen - Humalog Mix25 Prefilled Pen 25/75
Humalog Mix50 KwikPen - Humalog Mix50 KwikPen 50/50
Humulin N Cartridge - Humulin N Cartridge 100 u/mL NO Rx
Humulin N Refill Pen Cartridge - Humulin N Refill Pen Cartridge , Humulin N Refill Pen Cartridge 100u/ml
Humulin-R Cartridge - Humulin-R Cartridge 100 u/mL NO Rx
Hyprin NPH Insulin - Hyprin NPH Insulin
Invokana - Invokana 100 mg, Invokana 300 mg
Janumet - Janumet 50mg/500mg, Janumet 50mg/850mg, Janumet 50mg/1000mg, Janumet 850mg/ 50mg
Januvia - Januvia 25 mg, Januvia 50 mg, Januvia 100 mg
Keto-Diastix test strips - Keto-Diastix test strips
Ketostix Acetone Urine test strips - Ketostix Acetone Urine test strips NO Rx
Lantus Cartridge - Lantus Cartridge
Levemir - Levemir 100 U/ml
Luer-Lok Syringes - Luer-Lok Syringes 22G 3mL 1", Luer-Lok Syringes 25G 3mL 5/8"
Metaglip - Metaglip 5mg/500mg, Metaglip 2.5mg/500mg
Metformin ER - Metformin ER 500 mg, Metformin ER 750 mg
Metformin XL - Metformin XL 500 mg, Metformin XL 1000 mg
Metformin/Glipizide - Metformin/Glipizide 500mg/5mg
Metformin/Glipizide (generic equivalent to Metaglip) - Metformin/Glipizide (generic equivalent to Metaglip) 2.5mg/500mg
Microlet lancets - Microlet lancets NO Rx
Micronase - Micronase 1.250 mg, Micronase 2.500 mg, Micronase 5 mg
Monoject insulin syringes - Monoject insulin syringes , Monoject insulin syringes 1cc/29G NO Rx
Monolet thin lancets - Monolet thin lancets NO Rx
Nateglinide - Nateglinide 120 mg
Novofine 30G Pen Needle - Novofine 30G Pen Needle 30G
Novofine injection device - Novofine injection device 31G NO Rx
Novolin 70/30 Innolet - Novolin 70/30 Innolet 100 U/ml
Novolin ge Lente - Novolin ge Lente NO Rx
Novolin N - Novolin N 100 U/ml
Novolin N Penfill - Novolin N Penfill 100 U/ml
Novolin R Innolet - Novolin R Innolet
Novolin R U-100 - Novolin R U-100 100 iu/ml
Novolog - Novolog , Novolog 100u/ml
NovoLog Flexpen - NovoLog Flexpen 70/30, NovoLog Flexpen 100 U/ml
Novomix 30 - Novomix 30 100 u/mL NO Rx
NovoPen 4 (Blue) - NovoPen 4 (Blue) NO Rx
NovoPen 5 (Silver) - NovoPen 5 (Silver) NO Rx
Orinase - Orinase 500 mg
Pioglitazone - Pioglitazone 15 mg, Pioglitazone 30 mg, Pioglitazone 45 mg
Pioglitazone/Metformin - Pioglitazone/Metformin 15mg/500mg, Pioglitazone/Metformin 30mg/500mg
Prandase - Prandase 50 mg, Prandase 100 mg
Precision Plus test strips - Precision Plus test strips NO Rx
Precision XTRA glucose test strips - Precision XTRA glucose test strips
Precose - Precose 25 mg, Precose 50 mg, Precose 100 mg
Repaglinide - Repaglinide 0.500 mg, Repaglinide 1 mg, Repaglinide 2 mg
Rosiglitazone - Rosiglitazone 2 mg, Rosiglitazone 4 mg, Rosiglitazone 8 mg
Rosiglitazone/Metformin - Rosiglitazone/Metformin 2mg/500mg, Rosiglitazone/Metformin 2mg/1000mg, Rosiglitazone/Metformin 4mg/500mg, Rosiglitazone/Metformin 4mg/1000mg
Starlix - Starlix 60 mg, Starlix 120 mg, Starlix 180 mg
Surestep test strips - Surestep test strips
Tolbutamide - Tolbutamide 500 mg
Toujeo Solostar - Toujeo Solostar 300 u/mL NO Rx
Ultra TLC lancets - Ultra TLC lancets NO Rx
Victoza Pre-filled Pen - Victoza Pre-filled Pen 6 mg/mL